The Green Bean Plant
Phaseolus vulgaris is commonly known as the common bean, Italian bean and European bean. The plant belongs to the family Alliums, Lamiaceae, genera containing the common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris), which is native to Central and South America. The plant grows in tropical and subtropical areas of South America, particularly in the Amazon River Basin, and it is now grown extensively in other parts of the world.
The bean is cultivated for both its edible bean flesh (bean pod) and the seeds that contain chlorophyll. Phaseolus is cultivated mainly for the bean flesh because of its high value as a source of protein and because of the availability of the plant in various countries. The plant has been known locally in Africa since Roman times, and in Europe since Roman times.
The bean plant is a very versatile crop and it can be grown as a perennial or biennial. The best time to grow the bean plant is in summer when the soil is dry and temperatures rise.
The bean plant’s leaves are dark green and the fruit of the bean pod is small and brown with a bitter taste. The plant’s roots reach deep into the ground and the seed pod develops underground. The bean plant’s leaves and pods should be harvested at the base of the plant before they reach the seed pod. Otherwise, the seeds may rot.
The beans themselves are a tasty snack and an excellent alternative to soybeans in many recipes. The plant is a good source of protein, especially when it is used raw. However, it has a high glycemic index, so adding it to the diet in large amounts can have a negative effect on blood sugar levels. The plant has a high water content and is an excellent source of antioxidants. It also has a low glycemic index and is used in a variety of food preparations such as soups and salads.
Bean pods are usually cooked with spices to add flavor and aroma. Some beans are also used in Chinese herbal remedies as well as in the medicinal and culinary arts. Although not nearly as valuable as the dried beans, the unripe beans can be used as a delicious ingredient in smoothies, chutneys, ice creams and pies. and desserts. The beans can also be used to make a delicious green bean shake.
The bean plant has been used in the United States as a vegetable since the late nineteenth century. This is where the bean plant was first introduced. The plant can be eaten raw, but it is best if it is steamed or baked. It should be left out at room temperature and kept in a refrigerator when not in use.
The beans are often cooked, but the skins should not be fried or otherwise affected by high heat. The skins may be peeled, soaked and boiled, then ground into a powder for instant use or used in soups and sauces. The pulp from the beans should always be used for recipes requiring beans. The bean pod can be used in cooking, like corn flakes, or added to salads.
The bean plant grows very fast. It can be planted in one day and will produce as much as three hundred seeds per square foot. The plant has a short flowering period, lasting only about two weeks, but will produce hundreds of seedlings if left alone to do its thing. Most green bean plants will grow quickly and produce fruit within twenty days to a week.
The bean plant should be harvested before it has grown too tall. Otherwise, the beans may become overripe and lose their flavor. The plant also tends to wilt more easily than other plants, so it is best to harvest only when it is fully developed.
There is some controversy as to how early or late the bean plant should be picked. The beans are generally harvested as soon as they emerge, but some people prefer to wait until the beans are completely developed and ready for use. Bean plantings are most productive during the spring and summer. The plant is best prepared for the garden and planted near the end of July when the temperatures are at their peak and the weather is warm. It is advisable to dig the seed out immediately, though some people leave it for several days before planting in the fall.
The bean plant will require only minimal attention in the fall when it is time to replant. However, it should be replanted after the soil has cooled and moisture levels have returned to normal. Once the plant begins to grow back, it takes about three years for the plant to re-grow and bloom again. It is not recommended that you replant the bean plant every year.