The tomato is a large fruit, typically red berry, Solanum lycopericum, also known as a large tomato plant. The species evolved in central and south America. The Nahuatl name, tomatl given birth to the English term tomato.
These plants were domesticated by humans in North Africa, Asia, and the Middle East, and spread throughout Africa and the Mediterranean region. In Europe, the tomato spread into Britain and Europe’s Americas. The tomato plants were also found in Australia, New Zealand and the Caribbean. In the United States and Canada, the tomato spread to most of the continent. The most recent tomato crop grown commercially in the United States was harvested in California in 1995.
The tomato plants themselves grow best when they are supported on trellises and potting trays. This keeps the plants away from direct sunlight, where the roots will dry out quickly. The plants are susceptible to a fungal disease called rhizomes, that attacks the leaves. The other diseases that attack the tomato plants include powdery mildew and the tomato plant virus.
Tomato plant diseases can affect any part of the tomato plant. The main symptom of a disease is that the tomatoes lose their original flesh color. Some other symptoms are yellowing, wilting, and loss of leaves. The symptoms of this disease depend upon the species of tomato. The disease can be controlled by removing the diseased tomato plants or killing off all infected plants.
In addition, diseases can be transferred from one tomato plant to another. This is especially true of diseases transmitted through insects. Some of these are viruses, fungi, and bacterial infections. Fungi may be contracted through touching or walking on infected soil and may be carried by animal droppings or water contaminated with manure. In the case of viruses, the plant is not infected, but the virus can be transmitted through contact with infected leaves or soil and the infected plant may be damaged or killed if it is kept under protective covers such as plastic or paper.
There are several ways that diseases can spread. They include exposure to air, soil, water, and food.
There are many ways to increase disease-free conditions. One method is to keep the soil moist and to reduce or eliminate the amount of nutrients available. To prevent spreading of diseases, the soil needs to be kept dry.
Healthy plant health is important for the productivity of tomatoes. It is also important for the survival of people who love the taste of tomatoes. Growing healthy tomatoes and other tomato plants are an easy way to get great tasting fresh fruit for themselves and for others.
Tomatoes are a popular choice for vegetable and salad crops because of their rich flavor, sweetness, and attractive foliage. These features make them very desirable for home gardens. Tomatoes grow best in acidic soil. When the soil is too rich in organic matter, such as compost, and too dry, it can hinder plant growth. To improve the soil quality and to facilitate proper plant development, you can apply compost to the topsoil and then mulch the organic matter to provide extra moisture.
All tomato plants need regular watering. Soil preparation and watering are critical for healthy growth. Weekly water irrigation is necessary and a water hose should never be left unattended for extended periods of time. This water should be applied during the growing season only.
During the winter season, a tomato plant needs more attention than during the summer. During winter, watering the plant needs more heat from the sun and temperatures below 60 degrees Fahrenheit will cause the leaves to drop.
The soil around the tomato plant needs to be moist, especially around the base and around the roots. The topsoil must be washed with water at least once a week to keep the roots moist and healthy.
If you plant tomato plants, mulching is critical. You can prune the leaves in late spring to help keep the soil around the base from drying out.